Crete, Rethimnon Town

Rethymnon on the north coast of Crete, east of the Gulf Almyrou. It is the capital of Rethymno and is the third-largest city on the island, after Heraklion and Chania, with a population of over 30,000 inhabitants. The history of the city starts from the Minoan period III circa 1600 BC, as it has been found that the substitution of modern Rethymnon existed between this ancient Rithimna. This ancient city flourished during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC but gradually declined until the Roman period and was considered an obscure town. The ancient Rithimna existed throughout the course of the classical, Roman, and Byzantine periods, but is an important city. During the first Byzantine and Arab periods, information available is scarce to nonexistent, but the second Byzantine period (961-1204 AD) refers to a small fortified settlement called "Castell Vecchio". During the Venetian occupation actually started to Rethymno is an important state. The Venetians built a rudimentary port and fortified a makeshift small town built. In 1538, however, the pirate Barbarossa attacked and destroyed Rethymno. After this disaster, the Venetians began in 1540 to rebuild a wall that ran from the eastern edge of the state and ended up on the west side, creating a protective shield against attackers from the land. The rebuilding of the wall that lasted thirty years and was just completed seemed weakness of this new fortification project, and in 1567 the pirate Ulu Ali was attacked by the sea, and Rethymno was robbed and burned. Then the Venetians realized that left a defenseless city from the seaside. After about two years started building on the hill of the city's biggest and most fortified castle was then built on the island. The reconstruction lasted ten years and it strengthened the city wall. So they built the famous Fortezza on the hill west of the city, which survives. In Crete in the following years, the Venetians built many public buildings, giving prestige to the city, many of which still exist today in good condition. In 1646, however, the Turks conquered Rethymno. They repaired the damage to the wall, built some fountains and minarets added to existing churches turning them into mosques. Later, during the Second World War Rethymnon was bombed by the Germans, so many Venetian and Turkish buildings were destroyed. So visiting the town of Rethymnon, you will admire the remaining monuments of the Venetian and Turkish periods, which adorn the city and the show\'s long history. The old town of Rethymno is a well-preserved town with many medieval and Renaissance was characterized, which has been declared a historical monument. Walking through the narrow streets, one transfers to another era! So in the historic center, you can admire the beautiful Venetian and Turkish buildings scattered around the narrow streets of the old city. It is worth visiting the fortress Fortezza, which is the largest fort built by the Venetians in Crete. Still, the picturesque Venetian harbor with its lighthouse, the Loggia, the place where we find that the noble Venetians, who currently host the shop duplicates of the Archaeological Resources Fund. Also, other monuments in the old city to visit the Venetian Rimondi Fountain, which now continues to run cool water! Neratzes mosque, which was originally the church of Santa Maria in the 17th century and during the Turkish occupation of the city was converted into a mosque. This is the only one of the four great mosques of the city that can be visited, which today houses the Conservatory of Rethymnon. Also, the church of St. Francis, and the church of Our Lady of the Angels. Even the imposing Gate Quora or 'Holy Door', and the Mosque of the Valide Sultana or Great Mosque Door. Also worth visiting is the mosque of Kara Musa Pasha, located in a small garden, street Arkadi which originally housed there the Venetian monastery of Santa Barbara, which during the Turkish occupation of the city was converted into a mosque. during your visit to the beautiful town of Rethymno, you could visit the city's museums. Archaeological Museum of Rethymnon, on the hill where the Fortezza Castle, opposite the main entrance of the fort, in the east, is housed in the old Turkish prisons exhibits from excavations throughout the prefecture of Rethymno, covering periods of Neolithic, Minoan, and Classical, the to Hellenistic and Roman period. Moreover, the historical Museum is located on Bernard street and housed in a Venetian mansion, which is a historical monument of the city of Rethymno. The exhibits relate to folk art, weaving, and pottery, during the passage of time. In addition, inside you will see old photographs, historical documents, coins and tools, and objects of everyday life. It is worth noting that the city of Rethymno is based in the University of Crete, with many parts of the humanities and social sciences, as well as other educational institutions, which have provided many in education, society, and economy of the island. It is no coincidence that the city of Rethymno is considered the arts! During your stay in the city of Rethymnon, you can choose from many hotels to rent a room for your stay, within and outside the city. Rethymno is also famous for its nightlife, but also for the countless taverns and estiatoria that exist in the city, covering every taste! Finally, you can enjoy a swim on the endless beach, located east of the port, which covers 12 whole miles!

Photo Gallery


More from Rethymnon Prefecture

Towns - Villages